FAQ PROCESS – Frequently Asked Questions

Frequently Asked Questions about how to use the PROCESS templates

moderated mediation model 14 PROCESS

You can use the PROCESS macro from Andrew Hayes to calculate conditional effects within SPSS. If you want to visualize these effects, you can use one of our Excel templates, which are based on the SPSS output.

Current available PROCESS templates

Current PROCESS blogs

For an example how to use this template, you are welcome to read our blogs:



We are very thankful for all the great feedback and questions we are receiving from fellow-researchers, and we hope that you will continue doing this.

With this list of Frequently Asked Question, we are trying to cover most of the questions, but please don’t hesitate to reach out to us!

PROCESS Questions & Answers

Question: I can’t see any graph, what goes wrong?

Answer: Please check first if you have “.” or “,” as a decimal separator. The templates require a “.” as decimal separator. A quick solution could be the usage of “find-and-replace” in Excel, where you replace the “,” for the “.” for the input rows. Secondly, please check the axis of the graph: sometimes you have to reset them by right-clicking on the required axis, select “Format Axis”, and reset the Minimum and/or Maximum Bounds values.

FAQ PROCESS reset axis bound

Question: The axis are crossing the middle of the graphs (mostly at value 0), what can I do?

Answer: you can right-click on the required axis, select “Format Axis”, and set the value at which the axis crosses

FAQ PROCESS set axis

Question: There isn’t a template for my model, can you make one?

Answer: if you could contact us, and provide us the data (we won’t use it other than just for inspection and possible creation of the template), we can let you know if that is possible or not.

Question: I haven’t received the download link, what can I do?

Answer: it could take some business days to process the paypal transfer, but sometimes, the email is in your spambox of emails are blocked. In any case: please feel free to reach out to me and I will make sure you will get your template. You can reach me by sending an email to info [at] md2c [dot] nl


Graphing moderation of PROCESS v3.0 Model 1

Graphing moderation with PROCESS V3.0 graph 2

This blog is about graphing moderation with the help of SPSS with the PROCESS macro, and our corresponding MD2C Graphing template for PROCESS v3.0 Model 1 – Moderation.

The case that we used is based on the article of Chapman and Lickel (2016), and you can find a detailed elaboration of this case in Andrew Hayes’ second book about Introduction to Mediation, Moderation, and Conditional Process Analysis (Hayes, 2017). You can download the data from Hayes’ website. The datafile you need for this example is called DISASTER. Besides, you can also download the PROCESS V3.0 macro for SPSS and SAS (and much more) from the site: http://www.processmacro.org/ Continue reading “Graphing moderation of PROCESS v3.0 Model 1”

The effect of Stress on Satisfaction and Self-Evaluation

Stress, Satisfaction and Self-Evaluation

This short blog is about exploring the relationships between stress, satisfaction and self-evaluation. For an assignment of the course Introduction to Psychology, I had to gather 20 responses to answer some questions. Due to the huge amount of responses, I thought it could be nice to share the results to thank all of you for your participation. Continue reading “The effect of Stress on Satisfaction and Self-Evaluation”