# Frequently Asked Questions about how to use the PROCESS templates

You can use the PROCESS macro from Andrew Hayes to calculate conditional effects within SPSS. If you want to visualize these effects, you can use one of our Excel templates, which are based on the SPSS output.

## Current available PROCESS templates

- Graphing moderation (PROCESS v3.0) – Model 1 (MOD on x-axis), with a
**dichotomous**independent variable (X), a**continuous**moderator (W), and a**continuous**dependent variable (Y). - Graphing moderation (PROCESS v3.0) – Model 1 (IV on x-axis), with a
**dichotomous**independent variable (X), a**continuous**moderator (W), and a**continuous**dependent variable (Y). - Graphing moderation (PROCESS v3.0) – Model 1 (IV on x-axis), with a
**continuous**independent variable (X), a**continuous**dependent variable (Y), and a**continuous**moderator (W). As some of you requested, the IV is on the x-axis, and the moderator in the legend. - Graphing moderated mediation (PROCESS v3) – Model 7, with a
**dichotomous**independent variable (X), and a**continuous**moderator (W), mediator (M) and dependent variable (Y). - Graphing moderated mediation (PROCESS v2.16) – Model 8, with a
**dichotomous**independent variable (X), and a**continuous**moderator (W), mediator (M) and dependent variable (Y). - Graphing moderated mediation (PROCESS v3.0) – Model 14, with a
**continuous**independent variable (X) Dysfunctional Behavior, a**continuous**dependent variable (Y) Work Performance, a**continuous**mediation (M) Negative Affective Tone, and a continuous moderator (W) Nonverbal Negative Expressivity.

## Current PROCESS blogs

For an example how to use this template, you are welcome to read our blogs:

Graphing conditional indirect effects with the MD2C Excel Template

We are very thankful for all the great feedback and questions we are receiving from fellow-researchers, and we hope that you will continue doing this.

With this list of Frequently Asked Question, we are trying to cover most of the question, but please don’t hesitate to reach out to us!

## PROCESS Questions & Answers

**Question: I can’t see any graph, what goes wrong?**

**Answer**: Please check first if you have “.” or “,” as a decimal separator. The templates require a “.” as decimal separator. A quick solution could be the usage of “find-and-replace” in Excel, where you replace the “,” for the “.” for the input rows. Secondly, please check the axis of the graph: sometimes you have to reset them by right-clicking on the required axis, select “Format Axis”, and reset the Minimum and/or Maximum Bounds values.

**Question: The axis are crossing the middle of the graphs (mostly at value 0), what can I do?**

Answer: you can right-click on the required axis, select “Format Axis”, and set the value at which the axis crosses

**Question: There isn’t a template for my model, can you make one?**

Answer: if you could contact us, and provide us the data (we won’t use it other than just for inspection and possible creation of the template), we can let you know if that is possible or not.